tv The Situation Room With Wolf Blitzer CNN April 12, 2010 5:00pm-7:00pm EDT
that you would send him to a foster home or maybe another family to adopt him? >> no. >> no. >> no chance at all. >> no. he's our son. >> reporter: gary tuchman, cnn, eureka, montana. >> that's the reality of the story. my thanks to all of you for being with us. my thanks 20 to folks here in the studio. thanks for visiting with us. i'll visit with you in a little as well. now here to washington and "the situation room" and wolf blitzer. rick, thank you. happening now, president obama welcoming world leaders and delegates from 47 countries. he convenes on an unprecedented summit with an eye towards terrorism. also, two of new york city's busiest transit hub, times square and grand central station, allegedly the target of a suicide bomb plot. we're learning new details right now. and he's the world's most wanted terrorist. is the u.s. any closer to finding and captures osama bin laden? i'll ask pakistan's prime
minister in an exclusive interview. i'm wolf blitzer. you're in "the situation room." a gathering in the u.s. the likes haven't seen in more than 60 years. they've come here at president obama's invitation talking about the single biggest throat americans' security, keeping nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists. cnn white house correspondent dan lothian joins us with more. dan, what's happening right now? >> reporter: in a few minutes the president, wolf, will welcome these world leaders and then later this evening will be having a working dinner with these leaders, but the big question that's being asked is what will really come out of these two days? is it more a show rather than substance? the white house says that what they're trying to do is get these world leaders to commit to really securing all vulnerable nuclear teerms out there. keeping it out of the hands
terrorists is something, as you pointed out, the president believes poses the biggest threat to the united states. the president, according to one expert, told us that what he is trying to do is to really get the world to focus on this issue. that's the most important thing that can come out of this. to get them to focus on the threat. it's not only posed to the united states but also to the global community. and what the white house is touting today is this promise by the ukraines saying that they will dispose of all highly enriched uranium. something that the u.s. had been seeking now for some ten years and now this promise coming today, wolf. >> we're showing live pictures of the president welcoming some of those 47 leaders who have come to washington for this historic summit. another key issue on the agenda, iran and its nuclear ambitions. dan, is the u.s. any closer in getting china onboard to support a tough new run of sanctions against iran? >> reporter: wolf that is the big question, and the president
has been talking about it with various world leaders and of course with president jintao of china. all indications the president had with president hu is that chine ma seems to be showing positive signs. we haven't gotten the full receiptout yet what exactly that means, but certainly what the u.s. is looking for china to agree to tougher sanctions on iran. we saw that russia has been het tant to do that in the past. they've warmed up it to this idea. now the united states is hoping china will do it as well, putting pressure on iran. china always hoped this could be solved through deploem spip the u.s. is trying to show they need china on their side in order to push for tougher sanctions to get iran to abandon its nuclear ambition. >> dan lothian reporting. you see the president is continuing to receive world leaders right now. we'll go there shortly. among those attending the summit, the pakistani prime
minister yousef ghailani. i met one on -- he met one on one with prid obama yesterday and today sat down with me for an exclusive and wide-ranging interview. i asked him about the hunt for the world's most wanted terrorist, the leader of al qaeda. >> in fact, osama bin laden is not in pakistan. and whosoever are the military hard buy discriminate between the worst taliban and bad talibans. whoever be it is our commitment and resolve and we have to take on those evil forces from our country. therefore, talking about al qaeda, we don't see any sort of, concern in pakistan. >> as you know for certain that osama bin laden is not hiding in
pakistan? i'll ask him about that. pakistan's nuclear program, much more. my exclusive interview with the pakistani prime minister coming up in the next hour right here in "the situation room." we're also learning chilling new details of an alleged suicide terror plot targeting new york city subway trains. our homeland security correspondent jeanne meserve has the latest. what are you picking up? >> reporter: talking about nuclear materials but in the case of naji abu la zazi, homemade explosives. the target, the new york city subway. some additional detail on how he intended to carry it out. 5 million people a day traveled the new york city subway. najibullah zazi and his co-conspirators allegedly wanted to kill as many of them as possible. according to a federal law enforcement official. according to the sources zazi told investigators he and co-spawn spiriters were starting two of manhattan's busiest
stations. grand central and times square and came close to going operation's after allegedly purchasing bomb-making materials in denver, zazi traveled to new york in early september planning to strike on september 14th or perhaps the 15th or 16th. according to the federal law enforcement and board the one, two, three or six train, position themselves in the middle ever the cars and detonate the bombs they were wearing. >> conducting those bombings in closed trains, if you had three individuals, would have caused quite a few casualties. and instill a great impact a great fear in the traveling public. this is what they wanted to do. >> reporter: just last month, chechen terrorists blew up trains in russia. the transit systems in london and madrid have also suffered devastating hits. a number of plots against new york subway have been uncovered, but no attacks have been carried out. the new york police department has increased its presence on the system, doing random bag
checks and periodic demonstrations of force, but officials acknowledge the system is designed to move a large volume of people quickly is still vulnerable. some passengers take it in stride. >> i ride the subway very often, and thank god they were caught. >> i heard about it. >> this could happen -- >> reporter: federal law enforcement says a fourth man is in custody in pakistan in connection with the zazi plot. she not an american, and whether or when he will be extradited to the u.s. is uncertain. wolf? >> jeanne meserve reporting. thanks. afghan outrage boiling over. civilians take to the streets chanting "death to america." troubling signs ahead of a major u.s. offensive. also, deep cuts proposed for the postal service. now there's concern they may not be deep enough. wait until you hear what it all
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turns out millions of americans really don't dread the april 15th filing deadline much as all. the reason is, 47% of u.s. hold ho -- households pay no federal income tax. almost half of americans will pay nothing. that's right. what we have in effect is roughly whatever the household paying the tax load for the whole country. one washington research group says it's either because people's incomes are too low or they qualify for enough credits, deductions and exemptions. in the past, credit for families have grown so much that a family of four with two children younger than 17 making $50,000 a year pays no federal income tax. nothing. we now live in a country where half the people aren't paying for the government's services and programs that benefit everyone. including national defense. public safety. infrastructure and education. it's estimated the wealthiest 10% of americans pay about 75%
of the federal income taxes. the taxes collected by the federal government. under president bush, the nation's wealthiest taxpayers got big breaks, but president obama has been pushing tax cuts for poorer americans and tax increases on the wealthiest. everyone gets hit pieing a lot of the other taxes. federal payroll tax, ex-zeiss tax, gasoline, alcohol, as well as state and local taxes. when it comes to the federal government's biggers soft of income, almost half of all american households pay not one thin dime. here's the question. is it right that almost half of american households pay no federal income taxes? go to cnn.com/caffertyfile and post a comment on my blog. >> i didn't know it got that high. >> 47%. did you file your taxes yet? >> i did. >> did you get a refund? >> a little. not much. >> how much? >> i pay so much in taxes.
>> you want to make me nauseous? sorry. hopefully nothing important. >> thank you. back to our top story right now. president obama's nuclear security summit is happening right now. the president says the single biggest threat to u.s. security is the possibility of a nuclear weapon falling into the hands of terrorists. our senior political analyst david gergen is here to talk about that. he makes the case that it's the greatest threat to the united states right now. terrorists getting their hands on a dirty nuclear bomb, or some sort of nuclear device. how realistic is that? >> as a threat? it's a very real threat. think of whether the 19 terrorists on september 11th had dirty bombs instead of airplanes? they could have killed a lot more people than they did. it's a legitimate threat. people say, can you make progress against it? since the cold war ended we've
made a lot of progress. remember when senators nunn and lugar began pushing for this? ukraine today, the 20th country to give up nuclear materials on its own soil. the united states helping in leadership, about 250 facilities in the soviet union and eurasia. over 200 are better secured than they were, bought new report out today from a group commissioned by sam nunn as co-chairman by a group harvard for colleague. we've got a long, long way to go. 18 cases of theft i mention, too. >> in my mind, i've spoken to a lot of sbe generals sos not only in the united states but around the world. they true think believe al qaeda has a dream of doing something more spectacular than 9/11. what would be more spectacular than 9/11? a nuclear attack. >> you bring a dirty bomb, a nuclear bomb into the port of new york, you could easily kill 1 million or 2 million people. it's a assertion issue. the president -- he's not the first person to focus on this,
but the first person to really bring the people together and say let's come up with work plans, try to get to it done over the next four years. it's important. it transcends politics and is about the safety of all nations. >> participating in the summit today and tomorrow in washington is it just for show, or is there something substantive going to emerge there? >> in some ways a much more substantive than copenhagen. they're actually asking for work plan. what are your work plans? the united states is trying to get more countries to put into the this, helping countries that can't pay to lock up their facilities. the theory is, if you can lock up the plutonium and highly -- materiel for bombs. look it up, much, much harder. won't eliminate the threat from terrorists getting bombs but significantly reduce it. >> so much of it around the world now. all sorts of former republicans of the soviet union, whether india and pakistan, they have access, there is concern, at least, some folks have concern
about the security of the pakistan nuclear arsenal. >> both pakistan and russia remain highly vulnerable places, and as you point out, i think there be literally hundreds of storiage facilities now and some in bunkers in dozens of countries that have this material. it's a big problem. the reason the president is trying to but urgency into it, because a lot of con place nancy some of these countries and to broaden -- we've been focusing a lot on russian soil. we freed get a lot other countries involvedall the wack bay to al gore. he put a lot of time in on this. >> i remember seeing officials in the bush administration and the clinton administration before that this is what kept the president of the united states awake at night. this scenario right there. >> exactly right. >> and i'm sure it keeps president obama awake at night, also. >> when not watching the new game. right? you called that. >> thanks, david gergen. a single plane crash wipes out the top leadership of an important u.s. ally. serious questions whether human
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t.j. holmes monitoring other stories in "the situation room." what's going on? >> protesters expressing anger against america. this after u.s. troops fired on a civilian bus near kandahar killing four people, wounding more than a dozen. coalition groups had hoped to rally public support in kandahar known as the birthplace ever the taliban. nato expressing regret for the loss and saying they will investiga investigate. one week now, also, since that country's deadliest coal mine explosion in some 40 year, president obama ordered all u.s. flags in west virginia flown at half-staff, proving they are searching for the ninth remaining victim in the upper big branch mine. work hampered, though, by high
levels of hazardous gas, they keep having to turn the rescuers back. the flags stay at half-staff until sunday. voters have two more days to cast their ballot. an extension announced after complaints of voter confusion in polling sites in southern sudan. at several places voters couldn't find their names in the rechs city. the country's first multiparty elections in a quarter century. you ipad users, maybe you should have waited. an ipad killer from germany. has nearly mamping mont irs. check it out. called the wipad. its maker says this tablet outperforms the ipad, a bigger screen, a web cam, we've had prices that start around $6 hun for the six gigabyte version. hitting stores in late july. ipad, wipad, you pad, we all
pad. >> going to be a new rage out there. >> something else. yeah. >> all right. thanks, t.j. >> all right. hillary clinton, is she a potential supreme court nominee? lots of buzz about her, and other names that may be on president obama's short list. if you think lines at the u.s. post office are long enough now, wait until you hear about new recommendations for cost cutting. plus poland's leadership decima decimated. details of the investigation into the plane crash that kilted the country's president. the army chief. the navy chief. the banking chief, and dozens more leaders. but with advair, i'm breathing better. so i can join the fun at my family barbeque. (announcer) for people with copd, including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both, great news. advair helps significantly improve lung function. while nothing can reverse copd, advair is different from most other medications because it contains both an anti-inflammatory and a long-acting bronchodilator, working together to help you breathe better. advair won't replace fast-acting inhalers
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you're in "the situation room." happening now, what would happen if terrorists got ahold of nuclear weapons? it's a nightmarish scenario. now brian todd is getting answers. and it's the chilling story of an american family who adopted a 7-year-old from russia. then decided to give him back. now the country is threatening to stop any additional adoptions. we'll have the latest on the investigation. i'm wolf blitzer. you're in the "situation room." members of congress back on capitol hill today tackling an issue now facing thousands of unemployed americans. senators expected 20 vote this week whether to eck tend unemployment 20 the long-term unemployed or those who have already exhausted their unemployment benefits. the bill was first held up last month by republican senator tom
coburn over government spending concerns. our senior congressional correspondent dana bash is up on capitol hill. a philosophical point going on now. tell us about it and i understand you have a special guest with you as well. >> reporter: right, it is a philosophical fight and the fight starts any moment. the fight is about, wolf, republicans who believe that most of them, at least, believe that these unemployment benefits should be extended but say they should be paid for. shouldn't add to the deficit or debt, versus democrat who, of course, also believe they should be extended but don't have to be paid for. joblessness is an emergency. wolf, this is a problem and a fight that also went on last month, and the same unemployment benefits were held up. there were a few republicans who helped democrats pass this last month, and one of them was scott brown, the newest senator from massachusetts. and we actually have scott brown here who is going to talk to us
as he heads in to vote. senator, thanks for joining us. first question as we walk into the capitol with you is, how are you going to vote? will you vote with democrats to extend unemployment benefits jthts people are hurting. it's importance to move the process along, because when i came here, it's my. that things are broken and a logjam here in capitol hill, and it's my hope that i can help move things forward. so i'm going to do just that and vote for cloture, which allows the process to move forward, but make no mistake, while people are hurting people paying their bills are also hurting. we need to find a way to pay for this. i'm looking forward to moving it ford and reserve my rights on the final bill to make sure we can at least find a realistic way to pay for it by using unallocated stimulus monies, you know, and taking a little bit from here and there and finding the funds to ultimately pay for it. one 69 biggest complaints i hear is, we want to help people that don't have jobs but we want to make sure we don't have more unemployed by people paying
taxes and how are our kids and grandkids and great-grandkids going to pay for? report you'll join the vote to at least begin debate, but are you drawing a line saying, when, before this bill is actually voted on finally i think by the end the week -- >> really, i would think, yeah. >> reporter: are you saying it must be paid for or democrats don't have your vote? >> i'll see ultimately how they come up with the money. bottom line is when we left for recess it was paid for, resolved and got lost in the house somehow and now they're playing games. this is games. it's about people, people's lives and i'll do whatever i can to help them. once again, we have to start living with our means find a way to start paying for these things. a lot of wonderful ideas but where's the money? we're hurting. almost at a $13 trillion debt. >> reporter: you came in, the most recent senator elected, obviously. changed the dynamic up here big
time. >> it's a bit. >> reporter: came in on an anti-washington wave. with people out here, republicans and democrats, they all agree that people without jobs should get unemployment benefits, but can't agree that these benefits, on how to do it. whether these benefits should be paid for or not and meanwhile people are losing benefits while we speak. what do you make of this and what to people make of it? >> work together to find common sense solutions. that's why i was sent here. people are tired of business as usual on capitol hill. tired of the logjam and lack of civility. my role as a citizen of the country, i feel, good government, we need to get back to doing the people's business. that's what i'm going to do. when i see good bill, whether democrat or republican bill i'm going to vote forand i encourage democratic colleagues to do the same. i haven't seen the res pross tis. if i'm going to be the 60th vote there's going to be time i'll be the 41st vote too. we can't all be one-sided.
can't vote for these things and have the amendment tree filled up and not going forth. >> reporter: walking in, you're going to be the 60th vote. >> i'm going to be the 6r 0th vote. >> reporter: wolf, you see senator brown walking in to begin what will be a vote momentarily here in the senate. at least to begin debate. senator brown that republican will give democrats the votes they need to start debate to extend these unemployment benefits. would ever, many of these benefits started to run out last week because congress went home before actually dealing with this. you heard senator brown say it's not clear whether he will give a final vote. a week-long debate over this really, really fundamental philosophical issue and huge political issue this year not only dealing with joblessness, the number one political issue, also getting this country's fiscal house in order. what we are going to see debated. right now senator brown will start the debate and whether or not he'll vote with democrats
ultimately remains to be seen pap drama that lasts all week. >> you need 06r votes to start the debate. he'll be the 60th vote. a great win for democrat. dana, on the final vote, to pass the extension of the unemployment benefits, do you need 51 votes or 60 votes? >> reporter: you're going to need 6r0 votes to end debate an a final vote. ultimate for senator brown and several other republicans we believe will end up voting grow start debate. that's the question. and one of the questions will be, by the end the week, whether or not there will be a deal or an agreement on possibly a way to pay for this. again, about $9.2 billion. it is a short-terrib dsshort-te. not paid for the last couple of months. republicans want it paid for, democrats saying no. i question whether they can get the 60 votes to finalize this. you heard scott brown.
he's not sure whether he will vote yes or not in the end. >> republicans -- voting on the first step. thanks very much. with the retirement of u.s. supreme court justice john paul stevens around the corner, rumors swirling about who his replacement will be. new name on the so-called short list. federal judge sydny thomas, martha minnow and liz whether warren. the one name sparking lots of attention, the name of the secretary of state. >> i even heard the name hillary clinton today. you know, and that would be an interesting person in the mix. i lap to like hillary clinton. i think she's done a good job for the democrats, secretary of state's position and i have high respect and they great deal of her. >> bring in our senior political analyst gloria bourger.
what are you hearing? first of all, how realistic is this notion that the senator is advancing that hillary clinton would be the next justice on the supreme court? >> reporter: i'm told not at all realistic. someone a senior democratic said to me, maybe misheard, maybe 2 was william clinton, bill clinton they were talking ak? there is precedent. former president, taft, appointed chief justice in 1921. he said, well, maybe they've got the wrong clinton, but as far as this white house is concerned, hillary clinton's doing a great job at secretary of state. that's exactly where they want to keep her. >> gloria, the tea party express is making its way towards washington, d.c. this week. arriving on april 15th. tax day. not a coincidence. will it influence the group this summer ask and how much. >> i do. talking with people getting ready for these hearings on the hill, you know, one thing they
said to me was, we've never had a debate sort of posttea party about a supreme court justice. so the issue clearly that will be front and center will be the constitutionality of health care reform. the question of so-called eminent domain. states' rights. all kinds of issues regarding the size and scope and legitimacy of the federal government. and it will be interesting for us to watch how senate republicans play those arguments and how much they play them up, wolf. you know? because these are new things. we're used to debating the social issues, the cultural issues, when it comes to supreme court nominees. we're not used to talking about the extent of government in this debate, and i think we're goings time. >> we'll watch closely. thank you. the history of the
confederacy. one republican governor downplaying the controversy. you'll want to hear what he's saying. and the comedian conan o'brien is returning to late night. when and where, you can tune in. natural gas is a cleaner burning fuel, yet a lot of natural gas has impurities like co2 in it. controlled freeze zone is a new technology... being developed by exxonmobil... to remove the co2 from the natural gas... so we can safely store it... where it won't get into the atmosphere. exxonmobil is spending more than 100 million dollars... to build a plant that will demonstrate this process. i'm very optimistic about it... because this technology could be used... to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly. ♪
situation room." what do you have? >> more bad news for the postal service. they awed said they were making cuts, cut more. a new government report says the u.s. postal service needs to go even deeper with the cuts. over the last few years the postal service has lost almost $12 billion with mail volume plunging some 17%. the new report recommends more aggressive measure, cutting more salaries and closing facilities. otherwise, postal rates will increase and it may need taxpayer subsidy. democratic senator chuck schumer coming to the rescue vowing to block airlines from charging passengers for carry-on bags. schumer's comments follow an announcement last week the low-cost carrier spirit airline will begin charging at much as $45 a bag. again, carry-on bag. making them the first u.s. airline to implement such a feat. carry-ones should be considered a fee-free reasonable necessity, schumer says. finally here, wolf, looks like we have a new co-worker, kind of, sort of.
the ousted late-night comic coy naan o'brien has a new home on the cable network tbs. just inked a deal for a one-hour show. starting in november. he's kicking off a nationwide comedy tour. in three months gone from network television to twitter, to performing live in theaters and now headed to basic cable. my plan is working perfectly. like i said, wolf a new co-worker at tbs. cnn, both owned by time warner. i don't believe he will be filling in for you in "the situation room" anytime soon. >> yeah, but we all will be part of basic cable, t.j. you, me. we're all basic cable. >> you know, part of my plan all along, wolf. >> nothing wrong with basic cable at all. we like basic cable. just basic cable kind ever guys. >> of course. nothing complicated. >> welcome conan o'brien to the turner, tbs, our sister network. we'll be watching.
thanks very much. what would lead one american family to return an adopted child back to russia? we'll get answers on what's going on. and it's a heated controversy. the confederacy a key republican governor is weighing in. you might be surprised by what he's saying. what would happen if terrorist was to get ahold of nuclear weapons? we're examining that scary scenario. [ crowd cheering ]
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one key republican weighing in on virginia governor mcdonald's decision to honor's con fed error this month. in an interview our candy crowley asked the mississippi governor haley barbour whether it was a mistake for this counterpart not to have mentioned slavery. >> reporter: it was insensitive? you clearly don't agree. >> a sort of feeling that it is not significant. it's not a -- trying to make a big deal out of something that doesn't amount to diddly. >> doesn't amount to diddly. let's talk abwith our strategy session with two cnn political contributors. democratic strategist james carville and republican strat jit ed rollins.
ed what do you think are the way haley barbour responded to that? >> i have to press it by saying he was on my staff in the white house. one of the most astute able men i've ever known. whatever he said, was way good heart. so you know he knows the south very well and knows the country very well, and i think to a certain extent this is an issue, i do think -- i was born in boston, raised in california. the civil war was not a part of my life but it's an important thing that we study and review, because it's so much a part of our history. you can't study it without studies slavery, a very important part. just like you can't study california history without studying the internment of the japanese, also a great disturbance to americans. >> so, james, i take it, you're a southerner. i take it you disagree strongliry haley barbour? >> i do disagree strongly. i think he has the largest percentage of african-americans
in his state. to them and ancestors it meant slightly more than diddly, i'd say. i like haley personally. unfortunate term and unfortunate recollection of history. i don't think there's a serious scholar that entertains any other idea that slavery was the primary focus behind the insurrection in the south and that that's just what history is, and i think governor mcdonald on the third time around actually got it right. >> when he apologized but should have included a reference to slavery in the initial proclamation. >> right. >> move on to sarah palin. she's back in the headlines when "saturday night live" and tina fey are doing another skit about the former governor. watch this. >> if you like fun you're going to love our afternoon block of game shows. at 2:00 p.m., tea party wheel of fortune. and at 2:30, catch me in are you
smarter than a half-term governor. i think you'll be surprised by the answer. i know i was. >> she's amazing, tina fey. the way she does governor palin, but i'll start with you this time, james. she's out there. all over the place. >> boy, is she, and she was the star, star of this thing down in new orleans. the republicans. just burns brighter than the rest of them and she's the one that certainly that these activists look to, and she's laying out the case for the party. that's just a fact, and, look. i guarantee you one thing. she gets tina fey to stand in for her, i don't think anybody would know the difference. that woman's remarkably talented. her performance down here and the reaction of these republican activists to her, and also that, out of the country watching on cnn, her and michele bachmann, minnesota, the same thing.
she is just out and out adored by a certain segment of the republican party and there's no denies that. a certain magnetism that's unbelievable. >> were you surprised, ed, she came in third in that straw poll in new orleans behine mitt romney and congressman ron paul? >> i'm surprised she didn't come in first. she had such a big audience there who loved her. and i think to a certain extent romney is running hard as he did two years ago and paul's always had a good grass roots. i don't put my nudge a straw poll, but i do put something into someone who were energize it's support she has. if he wants to be a long-term player in this party she will be. a presidential k7candidate, shel about strong one. i'm not sure she'll be the nominee or if she was, would be elected. reminds me of richard nixon being underestimated or the man i worked forbes ronald reagan, being underestimated. a real tent and articulate a lot of emotions in a lot of people across this country. >> james, you make good point.
remember, right after the election in 2008 i went to the republican governor association conference down in miami. there were a lot of governors out there, but the media, were all chasing the governor sarah palin. sort of sucked the oxygen out of all the other political activists down there. i assume it was similar in new orleans? >> it is. the reason that the media chases her is because she has a, there's a certain group of people, always watching the faces on particularly the women at that minnesota event. and you couldn't help but be impressed by the way that they were looking at her, and their level of enthusiasm. i have no idea if she could win a nomination, but i don't think a general election. that's my. but she has something. she can change the temperature in a room like no non-president. maybe hillary clinton's the only other person and boy, she's been in politic as long time. other than the secretary of state, i don't know of another
person that has it has is not, only a person that has been president that has that kind of ability to just, just change the whole way a room feels. it's unbelievable. >> james and ed, thanks. >> we're a party without front-runners and -- sorry. >> go ahead. >> a party without front-runners and without a star. she really is the star. i would bet she could raise more money than anybody else in this business and i think any candidate would want her out there supporting them. >> raised a lot of money for herself since leaving the governorship. guys, thanks very much jack cafferty is and itting by with your e-mail, and how close to captures osama bin laden? my exclusive interview were coming up. called it "one of the best family cars of 2009." the insurance institute for highway safety calls it a 2010 top safety pick. with automatic crash response from onstar
right back to jack for the cafferty file. jack? >> the question this hour, is it right that almost half, 47%, to be exact, of american households pay no federal income tax? mark writes, i believe everybody should pay something. as it stands today, half the people in the country have no reason to vote against tax increases. the tax-paying half of the population will have difficulty in stopping a proposed tax increase that has no effect on half the nation. monica in north carolina. i take all the deductions and credits i'm entitled to without apology, but i sure am carrying more than my fair share of the federal tax load if these numbers are accurate. and i don't make enough money
yet for me not to feel the pain when i have to pay my taxes. allen in new mexico. i feel like most of the people who aren't paying taxes can barely afford to get by. i know that my tax refund went straight to rent and bills this year. jim writes, this is a perfect of example of why the fair tax is the answer to our unenforce be and complex tax code. the fair tax is collected at the cash register. if someone makes a purchase, they pay a tax. and all payroll tax deductions would disappear. if you make 12 bucks an hour, you get that money in your paycheck, no deductions. cathy in had alabama writes, it's disgusting that half the people are paying for the other half. benjamin franklin said when people find they can vote themselves money, that will end the harold of the republic. more and more services are free, hence buying the votes of huge groups of people with the money that belongs to others. kevin in california writes, the question should be, is it right that almost half of american households now make so little
that they're not subject to taxes. and gary in arizona says it depends on your perspective. if you're part of the 50% who pay no taxes, it's not only right, it's an evolving privilege provided by a great nation to its researched, downtrodden masses. however, if you're on the other side of the coin, the side that's paying the bill, you're simply being screwed and not even getting a kiss while it's happening and that's just not right. if you want to read more, you can find on my blog at cnn.com/cafferty file. >> lots of people weighing in. >> heated emotions. >> this a sensitive subject, especially this time of the year. >> thursday is the deadline. >> april 15th. >> three days left now. >> getting an extension? >> i'm done. i'm through. it's like giving blood. i just take it out of my arm, put it on the shelf, and i'll see you next year. >> like me. thank you. new developments of the case of the boy returned to russia by the american family that adopted him. there is a news conference by the local sheriff coming up.
we're standing by for new details. like janice.ferent." uh-huh. yeah. fashion deficient. and tom... copy incapable. it's open kimono time. looking good, dan. oh, we want to make sure all our ducks in a row. yeah. volume control syndrome. but we focus on the talent and skill that each person... brings to the team. i mean, no one's really concerned about labels. not even mine. labels get in the way. disabilities rarely do. visit thinkbeyondthelabel.com to evolve your work force. ♪ music plays ♪ [ sneezing ] ♪ ♪ [ male announcer ] what are you gonna miss when youave an allergy attack? benadryl® is more effective than claritin® at relieving your worst symptoms -- runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes -- and works when you need it most. benadryl®. you can't pause life.
russian investigators are look at human error as the possible cause of a plane crash that has poland in mourning. the country's president was killed, along with dozens of top government and military leaders. cnn's fred plankan is in warsaw with the latest. >> reporter: as investigators piece together just what happened to poland's presidential plane, pols are trying to come to terms with how a single disaster could wipe out such a large number of the country's elite. >> translator: we can see that certain procedures were not adhered to. of political and military leaders should not all have been on the same plane in such numbers. of. >> translator: it is unimaginable for me, because so many generals and politicians died, and i can't imagine how so many of them could have gone on the same plane. >> reporter: the toll was staggering. the president kaczynski and his
wife, and several vips, including relatives of those massacred where soviet troops killed thousands of polish soldiers in world war ii. there are rules for polish government air travel, meant to prevent such disasters. the four highest representatives of the country are never allowed to be on the same aircraft. they weren't in this case. but the sheer number of vips on board highlights shortcomings in the guidelines, since a pilot who used to fly the presidential plane. >> translator: for lower-ranking officials, the procedure is not formalized. from a practical point of view, i know this is something that would never happen in most other countries. >> reporter: the debate is not new. 20 high-ranking officers were killed in a military plane crash in 2008. ironically, while returning from a flight safety conference. tv journalist says she hopes the government will learn from this
tragedy. >> translator: the interim president doesn't want to discuss the matter white yet, but he has said it is something he wants to address, and changes must be made when it comes to the transportation of vip passengers. >> reporter: only a few days after the crash, poland is still engulfed in deep sorrow. but questions are arising. did so many military leaders really have to die in a single incident? polish officials aren't discussing that publicly, as they work to restore a government shaken to its core. but the question is certain to get more scrutiny in the weeks and months to come. fred pliken, cnn, warsaw, poland. you're in "the situation room." after troops fire on a bus, taking on a terrible toll, civilians and afghans take to the streets chanting, "death to the america." what it means for the war effort. president obama calls the
biggest threat to national security. and has gathered four dozens nations aimed at securing nuclear materials. and u.s. officials launch an urgent effort to convince russia to allow more aadoptions by americans after a u.s. family sparked outrage by sending a young boy back to russia alone. i'm wolf blitzer. we welcome our viewers in the united states and around the world. you're in "the situation room." a passenger bus riddled with bullets fired by allied troops. four afghan civilians are dead, and there is anger in the streets of the critically important city of kandahar, and it's aimed at americans. chris lawrence has the details from kabul. >> reporter: well, wolf, just two months away from the big military offensive to try to
retake parts of kandahar from taliban control. so any incident that sends protesters rushing into the streets chanting "death to america," that is not good news for american troops. military officials here in kabul tell us, they believe this is what happened. they say a route clearance team was moving through the area very slowly, sweeping for ieds just before sunrise. they say a large vehicle came up very quickly behind the convoy, and because it was a steep embankment, the connecticut could i couldn't just let the vehicle pass. the military says the troops tried to wave off that vehicle three times using flares and hand signals, but the vehicle kept coming up behind them. the troops perceived that as a threat, and they opened fire. the thing is, afterwards they discovered it was just a passenger bus. four civilians were killed, about another 13 were wounded
and taken to the hospital. president car skbkarzai has com and condemned the attack. military officials have said they deeply regret loss of life. they have sent investigators to the scene to find out what happened and to see if the troops did or did not follow the rules of engagement. in any case, when the american military is trying to win the hearts of the people of kandahar so they support this upcoming push to get the taliban out of those areas, this could be, has the potential to be, a massive blow to that effort. wolf? >> serious development, indeed. chris lawrence on the ground for us in afghanistan. u.s. troops there are training for war -- troops are also training here in the united states for how to deal with the war in afghanistan. they're learning how to try to keep civilians out of the cross fire. our pentagon correspondent, barbara starr, has that. >> reporter: marines on patrol in an afghan village.
insurgents are nearby. well, not exactly. we're actually inside an old tomato packing plant at the marine corps base at camp pendelton, california. we're in this afghan village. of course, it's a simulated afghan village. these marines are headed to the front lines of southern afghanistan, but first, they are getting some of the most realistic training the military can offer. a village of narrow lanes, mud walls, and blind corners. religious calls, smoke grenades and odors as unattractively named as they smell, like dinosaur dung and gangrene are piped in. so tell people what we're seeing here. >> these are digital avatars that we use for shooting scenarios. so marines enter a house, they could be presented with any type of situation when they go into it. >> reporter: bullets, even though made of chalk, are flying. while the marines patrol at one end, those playing the role of the insurgents are getting
ready. tensions build, marines enter the village square. villagers are upset. this kind of training is about as realistic as it can get for these marines. this is what general mcchrystal worries about. incidents of civilians being killed by military action, and then it all spins out of control. what did the marines learn here? >> tactical pause, figure out what's going original. you just had an i.d. go off. >> reporter: how to work as a team under fire. >> did you know what was going on in the back all of the time? >> no. >> yeah. >> need to get past -- >> yeah. like, when you guys got contact, you -- who are you getting contact from? i couldn't hear what was going on. >> reporter: how does everybody think it went here today? how realistic, how good is the training? >> i like this. it's good training. we're getting there. you have actual role players actually speaking the language, smells different. >> reporter: at the end of the day, the whole idea is, if a
young marine is going to make a mistake, better to make it here in training than on the front lines of the war. barbara starr, cnn, camp pendelton, california. where is osama bin laden hiding? the prime minister of pakistan tells me, not in his country. just ahead, my exclusive one-on-one interview with ra raza gilani. why he says he is certain the leader is not in pakistan. plus, a big announcement from the vatican today about the church and sexual abuse. and later, the doom's day scenario. what would happen if a terrorist group got its hand on the most powerful weapon on the planet? stay with us. you're in "the situation room." hey -- who's our best presentation guy? carl.
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jack cafferty is here with the "car fee file." >> as the debate over immigration reform heats up, americans are opposed to making it easier for illegal aliens to become citizens. a new research corporation poll shows 68% surveyed do not want to ease the path to citizenship for the estimated 11 million people who are in this country illegally. and some suggest the number is much higher. democrats are more likely than independents or republicans to support making it easier for illegals to become citizens. the poll also shows, 52% of americans are sympathetic to illegal immigrants and their families, but 47% are not.
they're unsympathetic, and that number is eight points higher than it was just four years ago. all this comes, of course, as thousands of people attended rallies over the weekend in cities all around the country calling on congress to act quickly on immigration reform. activists were waving american flags and holding up signs that said things like, "stop tearing our families apart" and "reform now." president obama has done everything in his power to get a bipartisan deal through congress. well, it's not going to happen. as these poll numbers suggest with the sluggish economy and nearly 10% unemployment, a lot of americans don't have an appetite for immigration reform. under president bush, congress tried to do the same thing a few years ago, but the critics called that effort amnesty, and that's exactly what it was. and the legislation never saw the light of day. anyway, here's the question. should the u.s. make it easier for an estimated 11 million illegal immigrants to become citizens? go to cnn.com/caffertyfile and post a comment on my blog.
>> jack, thank you. >> my pleasure. some sobering facts about nuclear weapons right now. at least seven countries officially, publicly possess nuclear weapons. two others, israel and north korea, are so-called unconfirmed. they don't publicly acknowledge that. according to the federation of american scientists, the vast majority of them, more than 80% are in the united states and russia. the most common nuclear weapon in the united states is five times more powerful than the atomic bomb that destroyed hiroshima. the u.s. also has warheads up to 25 times more powerful than the atomic bomb. the u.s. and russia have enough nuclear weapons to destroy each other as functioning civilizations. some sobering facts. two of those nuclear powers, india and pakistan, are uneasy neighbors, and have gone to war in the past, making any future tensions all the more frightening. and joining us now in washington, the prime minister of pakistan, raza gilani.
mr. prime minister, thanks very much for joining us, and welcome to the united states. >> thank you. >> let's get right to some of the most important issues facing the united states and pakistan. the "new york times" reporting today that pakistan, your government, is getting ready, in their words, to greatly expand your weapons grade fuel. is that true? >> no, it's not true. >> what are you planning on doing with your weapons grade fuel? because the "new york times" says you're struggling to make sure that you are on par with india. >> no, we are not competing with anybody. we really want to confine ourselves to the minimum, and that's it. >> that's it. so you're denying the story in the "new york times" today. >> yes, i deny it.
>> let's move on to another issue that is critical right now. you probably saw the story in the "washington post" over the weekend that suggests that while there has been a dramatic improvement in cooperation between pakistan and the united states, in the hunt for taliban extremists and al qaeda, there still is this lingering cooperation that your intelligence services, the isi, has with taliban extremists. is that true? >> in fact, we are having excellent cooperation in the field of intelligence and defense between the united states and pakistan. and we have jointly and even separately had identified the targets. we got them arrested. and now they're facing the course. therefore, we have very good relations with the united
states, and is we are cooperating on this aspect. >> did you recently release, as the "washington post" says, two high-ranking taliban prisoners that you captured? >> that would be done by the courts. therefore, the court has to do it. >> it says that you quietly freed at least two senior afghan taliban figures that you had captured on your own. are you familiar with this suggestion? >> i am familiar with this case, but at the same time, we have our own laws, and the -- the judiciary of pakistan have to deal with this. >> are you any closer right now, do you believe, to finding, to capturing, to killing osama bin laden? or his number two zawould harry?
>> in fact, osama bin laden is not in pakistan. and the militants, we hardly discriminate between the good talibans and the bad talibans. whoever are the militants, it is our commitment, it is our resolve, and we have to take on those evil forces from our country. therefore, i'm talking about al qaeda. we don't see any sort of those concerns in pakistan. if there is any actionable or credible information, we are ready to share with the united states. >> if you don't believe that bin laden is hiding someplace in pakistan, where do you think he is? >> i don't know. >> you have no idea. but you know for sure he's
not -- he's definitely not in pakistan? >> certainly is not in pakistan. and even i don't know where he is. >> how do you know for sure he's not in pakistan? >> because our military actions are very successful, and we have a very successful operation in m malcan and elsewhere. if there had been any chance, he would have been arrested or maybe even -- i don't know whether he's alive or not. >> you think he might be dead? >> i don't know. >> prime minister gilani, thanks very much for joining us. as i said before, welcome to the united states. and good luck to you. and to the u.s./pakistani relationship. >> thank you, so much. thank you. scandals swirling around the vatican. now it's taking new action.
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tj holmes is monitoring other top stories in "the situation room" right now. tj, what do you have? >> we start with the vatican this hour, making sure there is no ambiguity about reporting sex abuse to police. the vatican has said, that's been the church's long-standing position now. for the first time, it's ex police ily stated in the guidelines posted on the website. pope benedict will meet with more victims, and transparency is urgent -- an urgent requirement for the church. the military air base resumed operations today. the base is vital for the u.s. serving as an entry and departure point.
the president of the capital had to flee wednesday, leaving the fate of the air field in question. and british area -- check this out. okay. i was told the pictures were cool. british sea explorers claim they have discovered the deepest known under water volcanic vent beneath the caribbean. volcanic vents are cracks in the earth's crust, creating towers of mineral deposits or exotic sea creatures. if you don't get that, just keep looking at the pretty pictures. the vent is three miles below the surface in an area that once set the scene for the 1989 under water thriller, "the abyss." so if you didn't get all that wolf, just watch the pictures again. >> amazing pictures. i must say. let's watch. there they are. nice pictures, tj. thank you. >> all right. it's almost unthinkable. a terrorist group like al qaeda with a nuclear weapon. but the experts say it is possible, and very frightening. just ahead, a look at exactly
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president obama. there you see the russian leader -- the russian president, dmitri medvedev. they have established a good relationship over the past year, and several months. also, the leader of china, the chinese president, hu jintao, has arrived now. there they are. less friendly relationship has been developed there. but still, a good relationship. and there's a lot, certainly, at stake as these 47 nations gather here in washington this hour for this unprecedented summit. they're trying to find ways to keep nuclear materials out of the hands of terrorists. loose nukes in the hands of terrorists. that is a nightmare. cnn's foreign affairs correspondent, jill dougherty is over at the convention center in washington. jill, president obama met with the chinese president today. was there any agreement between china and the u.s. to step up pressure on iran over its nuclear program? >> reporter: well, it was
definitely in that discussion, wolf. we're told by the white house that hu jintao and president obama met for an hour and a half, and most of the time, they did spend on that issue of iran and its nuclear program. the white house saying that china shares the u.s. goals of nonproliferation with regard to iran, and that the p-5 plus one, that's, of course, the u.n. permanent five plus germany, are united, that was the word, "united" on iran. and then the chinese released a statement a few minutes after that, and they too said china and the u.s. share the same goals, but there was a slightly different approach to it. they said they hope the parties will step up their diplomatic efforts and resolve this through dialogue and negotiation. and as we know, the united states now is talking pretty tough about stepped-up sanctions. wolf? >> jill, has the administration made any other progress today besides this tentative agreement with china? >> reporter: yeah, i think you would have to say that the news
of the day is that ukraine has announced that it is going to be giving up its highly enriched uranium. that's uranium that was left over after the -- when they gave up their nukes back in 1993. and they are giving it up. it's going to be shipped out of the country. the white house says it's enough for several nuclear weapons. and you know, wolf, we sat down in an exclusive interview with the president of ukraine, victorian u cove yich, and he told us the material will be shipped out of ukraine to russia. and we can -- we'll be getting more details on that. but it is a significant achievement, you have to say. >> very significant, indeed. very important. of jill, thank you. let's get back to this summit. dozens of world leaders are gathered in washington to confront the possibility that al qaeda or other terror groups could obtain nuclear weapons. brian todd has been looking into what could happen if that nightmare came true. brian. >> defense secretary robert gates says this week's nuclear
security conference represents the first tangible efforts by the world leaders to confront the threat of nuclear material falling into its hands of terrorists. we're going to take you through a scenario. joining me is peter zimmerman, nuclear physicianist, formerly chief scientist for the arms control and disarmament agency and the senate foreign relations committee. one thing we want to clarify up front, we're not giving specific information to give terrorists any ideas. the information we have here has been published, some also vetted by the department of energy. thanks for joining us. we're going to talk about first kind of the materials and the money, et cetera, that terrorists would need to construct a nuclear weapon. first, here's kind of a basic list of what they would need. go ahead. >> that's a good shopping list. they'll have to start out with enriched uranium. they're going to have to bribe or steal or get somehow at high cost. it takes something on the order of 20 people, physicists, engineers, technicians, maybe
some security and some support them. >> and then the money. >> i would think it's around 10 or $12 million. it's going to take them half a year to a year from start to finish to get it ready to go. >> to get this into a city, it can pretty much be brought in by van, right? >> oh, it's a box that's four feet by two feet by two feet. it fits in the back of a minivan or a step van or any small vehicle. >> all right. let's take this graphic out, and we're going to bring in another graphic, illustrating the potential damage to new york city. and you mentioned that terrorists might only be able to build maybe a one to two kilo ton bomb, and we're going to go over that, as well. one kiloton bomb, the biggest concentration of damage would be about 1/6 of a mile. >> and in this inner red circle, probably that means scraping the ground clean of everything that was there. except maybe the heaviest of buildings. >> and then about 1/3 of a mile from where -- >> that's five pound per square
inch over pressure. and that means that homes and light construction is gone. a lot of heavy concrete buildings will survive. >> what about the casualty numbers from either 1 to 2 kilotons? >> well, it's really hard, because we don't know exactly where it's going to go off. a good working number is somewhere between 50,000 and 100,000 for a small bomb, detonated -- >> you're talking deaths. >> oh, yes, i'm talking fatalities. now, some recent work from los alamos show that buildings in the center will shatter buildings further out if they detonated on the ground, which i think they will. and if that happens, it may very well reduce the total number of casualties and it may shrink the distance at which -- at which these varies effects take place. >> hero sheem was a 12.5 kilo ton bomb. here are some images from the devastation of hiroshima here.
you're talking 1 to 2 kilotons that terrorists could conceivably get their hands on and make and detonate in the united states. how would that compare to this damage we saw in hiroshima? >> the damage looks the same, basically. what's different is the distance over which a given amount of damage extends. >> all right, peter, thank you very much for joining us. we appreciate it very much. thank you. >> brian todd, thank you. so could this nuclear nightmare actually become reality? joining us now in "the situation room" is national security contributor, fran townsend worked in the justice department during the clinton administration. fran, first of all, is there hard evidence that al qaeda right now is trying to get some sort of nuclear device? >> probably, i wouldn't call it hard evidence, wolf, but there has been consist yent over the years intelligence about al qaeda's both desire and intention to obtain just such material. the intelligence, however, recently, at least as far as i'm
aware, has been spotty about what actual discernible steps they have taken to acquire it. although we do know they have made efforts to acquire both biological and chemical weapons. al qaeda had a biological program. we were aware of a chemical threat to new york city. and so we put this in the bin of weapons of mass destruction, and that has been a goal for al qaeda, for many years. >> is there any doubt in your mind that al qaeda wants to attack the united states in a more spectacular fashion than 9/11? >> no, not at all. this is al qaeda's, you know, multiple, simultaneous attacks with hundreds if not thousands of deaths. the problem, wolf, is as the u.s. government has been more effective in the tribal areas, working with pakistani counterparts and using predator drones, this has been more difficult to pull off. that requires lots of people, lots of equipment, lots of planning and lots of communication. and once you have lots of communication, there's the opportunity to disrupt those attacks. and so they've had a real hard
time pulling that off, burr i don't think there's any doubt that it remains one of their chief goals. >> would -- was this issue -- this issue of loose nukes getting into the hands of al qaeda something that kept president bush up at night? >> absolutely. and it's interesting. we've heard a lot about this being the first coming together of world leaders. president bush and president putin had come together in the global nuclear security initiative, and had begun just such an international process some years ago. this, of course, takes it to a whole new level, having all these world leaders here in washington to discuss it. but i think, wolf, what we really want to watch for is not just meetings, not just talk, but actual action. discernible action. as you mentioned earlier with jill dougherty, the relinqui relinquishing of materials by the ukraine is a discernible step. we'll be able to see it and account for it. the question is, will other countries take those same discernible steps to get control over these materials, which we
worry about most, wolf, is an improvised nuclear device. that is, a device that either takes the highly enriched uranium and causes an explosion that actually gets yield. that doesn't require lots of expertise. but, by the way, when you see countries breaking up and scientific expertise scattering, whether in iraq or iran or pakistan or north korea, you do worry that scientists around the world who have this knowledge, together with loose -- you know, highly enriched uranium or separated plutonium could put together for al qaeda an improvised nuclear device and that's exactly what the administration is trying to avoid. >> and exactly what president obama says is the most serious national security threat facing the united states right now. fran, thanks very much. >> sure. >> an adopted boy is returned to russia by the american family who says they could no longer handle him. but were any laws broken? the local sheriff has been holding a news conference this hour. we're standing by for new developments. and new suggestions of human
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top officials from the u.s. state department plan to travel to moscow this week to push russia to continue allowing adoptions by american families. the trip comes in the wake of new outrage after a tennessee family decided to send its adoptive 7-year-old boy back to the country, alone. moscow officials are now threatening to halt any further
adoptions by u.s. families. our marty savage is in shel shelbiville, tennessee where the boy's adoptive parents live. marty, it sounds like you're starting to get some answers from this case. >> reporter: this investigation has been handed down from the state department to the local sheriff. and it's his job. he's got a lot of international pressure, as well as national pressure on his shoulders right now, to try to figure out if anything illegal transpired here when it came to the fact that you had the adoptive family that decided to return this little boy to russia, claiming that he was just too violent to handle. you can tell that there was a lot of anguish on the part of the sheriff. but what he basically said today was, look, they have tried to get the family to come forward, and talk to them. late this afternoon, he got word from the family's attorney, that is not going to happen. the family is not going to cooperate. here's what the sheriff had to say. >> i guess we're kind of getting our hand forced here, and that's the only thing i know to do at
this point. they keep insinuating they're going to come in, but evidently not. and i think from what i understood this afternoon, they're not going to come in at all, at any time. unless we bring charges. then they will produce her. >> that's the problem. the sheriff says this is a very complicated case. as far as the federal government is concerned, they do not see any federal violations here. that the family has done. so what the sheriff is looking into are two things, basically. was there abandonment? right now, it appears the family had custody of the child all the way to the airport, so when they put him on the plane in the custody of the airlines, was that abandonment? if it was, it was in washington, and that would be out of the jurisdiction of the sheriff. or was there abuse in this case? and that's what they're really trying too look into right now. there have been allegations by the young boy himself in russia that there may have been some abuse on the part of his american family, so that's where they're starting to look. but the sheriff says it's
complicated and it could be a while. and right now, the american adoptive family is nowhere to be found, at least not for the sheriff. wolf? >> but i guess what i'm hearing is, you can put a 7-year-old boy as an unaccompanied minor on a major international flight like this from the united states to russ russia? is that okay to do that? >> apparently. i mean, this is the gray area. this is what the sheriff is really struggling with. you can see this. you talk to him, he's a parent, he's a father. he knows what it's like to raise children and how difficult it can be. but he says you know, i can't go by the emotions i feel and try to judge what is right or wrong. i have to go by what is legal or illegal. and right now, they have not been able to find anything illegal. however, they're pursuing that investigation. they have not called it over. in fact, they say it could be some time. but it's clear, he would like -- it appears, to find charges, because the lawyer says you want to talk to the family, it's the only way you will see them. charge them or don't.
>> marty savage, reporting for us. we'll stay on top of this story with you, marty. thank you. russian investigators are questioning whether human error is to blame for the plane crash saturday that killed the president and one russian official says there is evidence the crew knew about bad weather and was advised to land elsewhere. the plane is being expected for clues. polish tv reports the coffin will go on public display starting tomorrow, and it will be buried saturday, along with his wife, who also died in the crash. the victims of that crash were traveling to the scene of another tragedy that left deeb emotional scars on the polish people. the mass execution of 20,000 polish prisoners of war by the soviet secret police back in 1940. of for decades, the soviets blamed the nazis. but with the collapse of the soviet union, the truth began to emerge. just days before the crash, the russian prime minister, vladimir putin, became the first russian leader to join in commemorating
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back to our top story. that nuclear summit under way right now in washington. our john king is joining us, host of "john king usa" that comes up at the top of the hour. what kind of outcome is the obama administration looking for here? >> you focused on the chinaish union and there are some short term challenges the president hopes to deal with, with trying to prevent future problems down t the road. trying to dismantle it. to do that, he needs the help of china and the russian government. so that is a top priority for the president here. there are some longer-term issues dealing with the process he inherited, if you will. remember, we were having this conversation back 20 years ago at the fall of the berlin wall, the end of the cold war. then after 9/11, there was a lot more urgency to the loose nukes conversation, because of the emergence of terrorist groups. so when you have a progress like ukraine today saying it would get rid of the rest of its
weapons grade nuclear material, that's a plus. but the administration, this administration and the previous administration, had deep concerns that the security in russia is not good enough. around its nuclear facilities. that enough is still not being done to keep former soviet nuclear scientists maybe from being swayed by somebody. and you had a fascinating conversation with the prime minister of pakistan, another big question mark in terms of not only are the nuclear materials safe guarded enough, but what about those with the know-how. what is being done to keep them off the black market. the intelligence market, if you will. so there are long-term and short-term challenges for the president here. 47 nations in town represented at the summit, plus some other big organizations. a chance for the president to try to shine on the world stage. but this is a huge pressing problem, wolf. >> yeah, and as concerned as americans are about nukes in iran and north korea, for example, they're much more concerned about terrorists like al qaeda getting their hands on nuclear weapons. our cnn opinion research corporation poll say it's more important to prevent terrorists from getting nuclear weapons.
77% then reducing nuclear weapons owned by unfriendly countries. and the president himself says this is his real nightmare scenario. >> and that polling data and the president saying it's his nightmare scenario also reinforces that while this is an international diplomatic event for the president, there are still huge structural issues here at home on the homeland security front. if you went to a major port, say los angeles, say boston, massachusetts or newark, new jersey, they would tell you the screening processes there still aren't up to speed. so still homeland security issues here, and major international diplomacy for the president, and that nightmare scenario is still very real. what the vice president said this morning at that lunch he had at the official residence, just putting it in such stark, sober terms. the president's counterterrorism adviser, john brennan, as well, essentially saying, look these materials are out there, and it would only take 50 pounds, the size of a soccer ball, to send the world into chaos. so it is still a huge problem. and the president is trying to do it, one piece of the puzzle
at a time, if you will, wolf. and while he deals with china, russia, some of the stronger countries, he has been quite open in saying, guess what, we still have a lot of these issues to deal with in our own borders and our own security efforts, as well. >> john has more coming up at the top of the hour on "john king usa." tj homes is monitoring other stories. >> we have a psychological issue here for the markets today. for the first time in 18 months, the dow closed above 11,000, at nearly 11,006. the s&p up 2 points to 1196. nasdaq closed at 2458. why all this good news, and things a bit up today? there was a loan agreement for greece, which is -- had some issues with debt over the past several months. also, there were some corporate buyout announcements today, which helped boost confidence. a judge is denying bail for a man accused of making threatening phone calls to nancy
pelosi. the man is gregory lee guisty. he also called her washington residence, according to police. the judge cited his criminal record of 13 prior misdemeanor convictions and two felony convictions. his mother says he has never been violent. just, quote, very vocal, unfortunately. finally here out of the nfl, authorities in georgia saying no criminal charges will be filed against quarterback ben roethlisberger. the two-time super bowl champion was accused of sexually assaulting a 20-year-old woman last month at a georgia nightclub. today the district attorney says the claim could not be proven beyond a reasonable doubt. roethlisberger also facing a civil lawsuit against another woman. this is involving another woman who says he sexually assaulted her in lake tahoe, nevada in 2008. roethlisberger has been denying that claim, as well. also, wolf, it looks like he is going to be meeting with the nfl commissioner, roger goodell at
some point this week. we'll see what comes out of that, as well. >> we'll see. thank you, tj. jack cafferty and the "cafferty file" next. if you have high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes, you may also have very high triglycerides -- too much fat in the blood. it's a serious medical condition. lovaza, along with diet, effectively lowers very high triglycerides in adults but has not been shown to prevent heart attacks or strokes. lovaza starts with omega-3 fish oil that's then purified and concentrated. it's the only omega-3 medication that's fda-approved. you can't get it at a health food store. lovaza isn't right for everyone. tell your doctor if you're allergic to fish, have other medical conditions and about any medications you're taking, especially those that may increase risk of bleeding. blood tests are needed before and during treatment. in some, ldl or bad cholesterol may increase. possible side effects include burping, infection, flu-like symptoms, upset stomach,